Common Causes of Foot and Ankle Pain
Foot and ankle pain can severely limit daily activity and diminish the quality of life. The most common causes are:
- Injuries such as fractures, sprains, ligament tears and dislocations
- Plantar fasciitis
- Morton's neuroma
- Great toe arthritis
- Biomechanical problems such as high arches, pronation or supination
- Diabetic complications such as neuropathy, ulcerations, Charcot joint fracture or Charcot arthropathy
Getting to the Root Cause of Foot and Ankle Pain
Choosing the proper treatment method depends on knowing the real cause of your foot or ankle pain. To ensure an accurate diagnosis, see your family doctor or an orthopedic specialist.
Your family doctor or orthopedic specialist may use one or more of the following evaluation methods to arrive at a diagnosis:
- Physical examination
- Electromyogram (EMG) and nerve conduction velocity (NCV)
- Sensory discrimination testing
- Blood test for arthritis, diabetes or gout
Typically, your doctor may recommend one of the following treatments:
- Medication - typically oral anti-inflammatories
- Activity modification or rest
- Physical therapy - Maria Parham Health offers comprehensive rehabilitation services. Ask your doctor about a referral.
- Splint, cast or total contact cast
- Orthotic shoes
- Assistive devices such as canes, walkers, and similar devices.